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The Political Economic Causes Great Soviet Famine, 1932-33

Abstract

We document several new facts about the Soviet Great Famine, 1932–33: i) there was no aggregate food shortage; ii) regional mortality rates were unrelated to per capita food production, but positively associated with ethnic Ukrainian population share; and iii) the political loyalty of the local elites to the regime was more positively associated with famine mortality, collectivization and state food procurement in regions with a larger Ukrainian population share; iv) famine mortality was higher in the areas with stronger peasant resistance, and this correlation was more pronounced in regions with a larger share of ethnic Ukraniansxx resistance?. We find that ethnic bias against Ukrainians in Soviet policy explains 77% of famine deaths in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus, and 92% in the Ukraine.

Type

Working Paper

Author(s)

Nancy Qian

Date Published

2021

Citations

Qian, Nancy. 2021. The Political Economic Causes Great Soviet Famine, 1932-33.

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