The Strategic Use of Interests, Rights, and Power To Resolve Disputes, Negotiation Journal
To ensure success in resolving difficult disputes, negotiators must make strategic decisions about their negotiation approach. In this essay, we make practical recommendations for negotiation strategy based on Ury, Brett, and Goldberg's (1993) interests, rights, and power framework for dispute resolution and subsequent empirical research by Brett, Shapiro, and Lytle (1998). We discuss how negotiations cycle through interests, rights, and power foci; the prevalence of reciprocity; and the one-sided, distributive outcomes that result from reciprocity of rights and power communications. We then turn to using interests, rights, and power strategically in negotiations. We discuss choosing an opening strategy, breaking conflict spirals of reciprocated rights and power communications, and when and how to use rights and power communications effectively in negotiations.
Anne L. Lytle, Jeanne Brett, Debra L. Shapiro
Lytle, Anne L., Jeanne Brett, and Debra L. Shapiro. 1999. The Strategic Use of Interests, Rights, and Power To Resolve Disputes. Negotiation Journal. 15(1): 31-52.LINK