The Common and Specific Components of Dynamic Volatility, Journal of Econometrics
This paper develops a dynamic approximate factor model in which returns are time-series heteroskedastic. The heteroskedasticity has three components: a factor-related component, a common asset-specific component, and a purely asset-specific component. We develop a new multivariate GARCH model for the factor-related component. We develop a univariate stochastic volatility model linked to a cross-sectional series of individual GARCH models for the common shocks to the volatility of asset-specific returns and for the purely asset-specific shocks to the volatility of asset-specific returns. We apply the analysis to monthly US equity returns for the period January 1926 to December 2000. We find that all three components contribute to the heteroskedasticity of individual equity returns. Factor volatility and the common component in asset-specific volatility have long-term secular trends as well as short-term autocorrelation, and correlation with interest rates and the business cycle.
Gregory Connor, Robert Korajczyk, Oliver Linton
Connor, Gregory, Robert Korajczyk, and Oliver Linton. 2006. The Common and Specific Components of Dynamic Volatility. Journal of Econometrics. 132(1): 231-255.