The Impact of Consideration of Issues and Motivational Orientation On Group Negotiation Process and Outcome, Journal of Applied Psychology
In 2 studies the authors tested the effects of motivational orientation (cooperative vs. individualistic) and issue consideration (simultaneous vs. sequential) on the negotiation process and outcome quality attained by 4-person groups engaged in a multi-issue negotiation. Study 1 (n = 84) showed that both a cooperative orientation and simultaneous issue consideration improved outcome quality. Simultaneous consideration of issues also increased the likelihood of reaching agreement. Study 2, focusing on the negotiation process, showed that cooperative groups were more trusting and engaged in less argumentation. Simultaneous issue-consideration groups exchanged more information and had greater insight into the other parties' priorities. A lag sequential analysis showed that groups with a cooperative orientation overcame the limits of discussing issues sequentially by engaging norms of reciprocity and mutuality.
Laurie R. Weingart, Jeanne Brett
Weingart, R. Laurie, and Jeanne Brett. 1993. The Impact of Consideration of Issues and Motivational Orientation On Group Negotiation Process and Outcome. Journal of Applied Psychology. 78(3): 504-517.