Take Action

Home | Faculty & Research Overview | Research

Research Details

The value of interracial contact for reducing anti-Black bias among non-Black physicians: A Cognitive Habits and Growth Evaluation (CHANGE) study report, Psychological Science

Abstract

Although scholars have long studied circumstances that shape prejudice, inquiry into factors associated with long-term prejudice reduction has been more limited. Using a 6-year longitudinal study of non-Black physicians in training (N = 3,134), we examined the effect of three medical-school factors—interracial contact, medical-school environment, and diversity training—on explicit and implicit racial bias measured during medical residency. When accounting for all three factors, previous contact, and baseline bias, we found that quality of contact continued to predict lower explicit and implicit bias, although the effects were very small. Racial climate, modeling of bias, and hours of diversity training in medical school were not consistently related to less explicit or implicit bias during residency. These results highlight the benefits of interracial contact during an impactful experience such as medical school. Ultimately, professional institutions can play a role in reducing anti-Black bias by encouraging more frequent, and especially more favorable, interracial contact.

Type

Article

Author(s)

Ivuoma Ngozi Onyeador, Natalie M Wittlin, Sara E Burke, John F Dovidio, Sylvia P Perry, Rachel R Hardeman, Liselotte N Dyrbye, Jeph Herrin, Sean M Phelan, Michelle van Ryn

Date Published

2020

Citations

Onyeador, Ngozi Ivuoma, Natalie M Wittlin, Sara E Burke, John F Dovidio, Sylvia P Perry, Rachel R Hardeman, Liselotte N Dyrbye, Jeph Herrin, Sean M Phelan, and Michelle van Ryn. 2020. The value of interracial contact for reducing anti-Black bias among non-Black physicians: A Cognitive Habits and Growth Evaluation (CHANGE) study report. Psychological Science. 31(1)

LINK
KELLOGG INSIGHT

Explore leading research and ideas

Find articles, podcast episodes, and videos that spark ideas in lifelong learners, and inspire those looking to advance in their careers.
learn more

COURSE CATALOG

Review Courses & Schedules

Access information about specific courses and their schedules by viewing the interactive course scheduler tool.
LEARN MORE

DEGREE PROGRAMS

Discover the path to your goals

Whether you choose our Full-Time, Part-Time or Executive MBA program, you’ll enjoy the same unparalleled education, exceptional faculty and distinctive culture.
learn more

Take Action