Mental Models of Negotiation: Descriptive, Prescriptive and Paradigmatic Implications
We review research and theory on negotiation by identifying five approaches that operate as mental models for descriptive, prescriptive, and paradigmatic research. Mental models are cognitive representations of external systems that specify the cause-effect relationships governing those systems. The five mental models that have guided theory and research in negotiations are: negotiation as power and persuasion, negotiation as decision making, negotiation as a game, negotiation as a relationship, and negotiation as problem solving. We review and describe the basic theoretical principles that characterize each model and identify key areas for research.
Leigh Thompson, Jeffrey Loewenstein
Thompson, Leigh, and Jeffrey Loewenstein. 2003. Mental Models of Negotiation: Descriptive, Prescriptive and Paradigmatic Implications.