Debaters and Moderators

Emma Berndt

Emma Berndt is the Director of Market Development and Regulatory Affairs at Opower, an energy efficiency and smart grid software company partnering with over 90 utilities to help more than 32 million customers across eight countries take control of their energy use and save money on their bills.  Emma is responsible for Opower’s market development, policy, and regulatory work in the Midwest and the South.  Prior to Opower, Emma held a variety of roles at the Clinton Climate Initiative (CCI), a part of the William J. Clinton Foundation, where she worked with some of the world’s largest cities to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.  Emma started her career in New York City government as an Urban Fellow. 

Emma holds an MSc in Regional and Urban Planning Studies from the London School of Economics and Political Science and a B.A. in History from Harvard.  She lives in Chicago with her husband, Eric, and their son Nathan.

David C. Boyd

David Boyd holds a B.A. degree with majors in biology and chemistry from St. Olaf College, and a Ph.D. degree in chemistry from the University of Minnesota. Dr. Boyd is the 2013 recipient of the prestigious Terry Barnich Award for his contributions in building international regulatory relationships across the world.

Dr. Boyd is a member of the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) Board of Directors and Chair of the NARUC Committee on Electricity. He is also a member of the NARUC Committee on International Relations, Subcommittee on Clean Coal and Carbon Sequestration, Subcommittee on Nuclear Issues-Waste Disposal and is a member and Vice Chair of the Subcommittee on Education and Research. He also serves as Chair of the Executive Committee of the Nuclear Waste Strategy Coalition.

Dr. Boyd serves as Vice Chair of the International Confederation of Energy Regulators (ICER). He currently serves as President of the Eastern Interconnection States' Planning Council (EISPC), the Subcommittee Steering Committee (SSC) of the Easter Interconnect Planning Collaborative (EIPC). He is a member of the Organization of Midwest ISO States (OMS) Board of Directors and serves as Treasurer. Additionally, he is a member of the OMS Executive Committee. He is a member of the Mid America Regulatory Conference (MARC) and serves as their Executive Committee. He also serves as a member of the Electic Power Research Institute (EPRI). He previously co-chaired the Upper Midwest Transmission Development Initiative (UMTDI).

Dr. Boyd was appointed to the Minnesota Public Utilities Commission by Governor Tim Pawlenty on July 10, 2007, was reappointed on December 18, 2008, and currently serves as Vice Chair. His term as Commissioner also included three years served as Chair. Dr. Boyd's current term expires January 5, 2015.

Mike Bull

As Director for Policy and Communications for the Center for Energy and Environment, Mike Bull is responsible for development, evaluation and communication of effective clean energy solutions for CEE.  CEE is a non-profit organization in its 35th year of advancing the public interest in clean energy and a healthier economy.
Before joining CEE, Mike held a number of policy positions in Minnesota state government, including Assistant Commissioner for Renewable Energy at the Minnesota Department of Commerce and Senior Policy Advisor for Energy and the Environment for former Minnesota Governor Tim Pawlenty.   Mike left state government to become Regional Policy manager for Wind on the Wires, the Midwest regional partner for the American Wind Energy Association.  Later, Mike worked for Xcel Energy, one of the largest combination electric and gas companies in the nation, first  as Senior Resource Analyst responsible for strategic evaluation of resource alternatives to meet customer demand in the Upper Midwest, then as Manager of Policy and Strategy for the eight states in which Xcel Energy provides service. 

Mike earned a J.D., cum laude, from the University of Minnesota Law School, and a Master of Public Policy from the Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs at the University of Minnesota.

Luciano de Castro

Luciano de Castro has a PhD in Mathematical Economy by IMPA and he is an Electronic Engineer. Currently, he is Assistant Professor at the Managerial Economics and Decision Science (MEDS) department of Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University.

His research interests include auction theory, decision theory and economic theory. Professor de Castro have worked on statistical dependence in auctions and the connection of conditional independence and decision theory. More recently, he has started working on the design of electricity markets. His work has been published in top economic theory journals and also in the Energy Journal and The Electricity Journal.

Besides his theoretical work on electricity markets, professor De Castro has written about the economics of the Smart Grid and the use of prediction markets to forecast demand and other relevant variables for electricity markets. Together with S. Oren and A. Riascos, he produced a report to the Colombian Regulatory Agency for Energy and Gas (CREG), in which they evaluate the 2009 change in the rules of the Colombian electricity market (from self to centralized unit dispatch). He has also organized three conferences about electricity markets in 2012, 2013 and 2014.

Edward A. Garvey

Edward Garvey founded AESL Consulting in 2008 and provides strategic regulatory and public policy support to public utilities, thought leaders, and energy and telecommunications providers that offer incredible service, essential products and visionary ideas.  Edward is also a Director at the WeberJohnson Public Affairs.

Prior to AESL Consulting, Edward was Director of the Office of Minnesota Energy Security and Deputy Commissioner of the Dept. of Commerce where he was point person for former Minnesota Governor Tim Pawlenty on energy issues, climate policy and telecommunications (1/03 to 7/08). In announcing Edward’s resignation on July 15, 2008, then-Governor Pawlenty said, “Edward has been an exceptional leader on energy issues for a number of years.  We particularly appreciate his service as the first director of our new Office of Energy Security.  His leadership has been one of the reasons Minnesota is a national leader in energy reform.”

As the Director of the Office of Energy Security and Deputy Commissioner of the Dept. of Commerce, Edward led Governor Tim Pawlenty’s clean energy team producing nation-leading renewable energy policies, implementing one of the nation’s most effective energy efficiency programs, crafting Minnesota’s response to climate change and encouraging significant transmission, pipeline and other energy infrastructure.

He also helped draft the November 2007 Midwestern Governors Association climate accord and energy platform.

The Office of Energy Security, that Edward Garvey led, consisted of 80+ technical and professional staff that advocated before the MN Public Utility Commission, analyzed rate cases, power purchase agreements, requests for new electricity generating facilities, transmission lines and pipelines, the state’s energy information office, Minnesota’s low-income energy assistance program and state telecommunications regulatory and policy development.

Prior to these roles, Edward was on the Minnesota Public Utilities Commission (2/97 to 10/02) and served as its chairman for three of those years.  Before that he was the Director of the Minnesota Office of Environmental Assistance (1/95 to 1/97).

Edward obtained a BA from the U. of MN in 1983 and a JD from the U. of MN Law School in 1986. He received his MBA from the U. of St. Thomas in 1998. 

Edward served as legislative assistant for energy and the environment for former US Senator Dave Durenberger in Washington DC (5/87-11/90). After three years at the Minneapolis law firm Gray, Plant Mooty (12/90-9/93), Edward went back to work for Sen. Durenberger in his Minnesota office to handle health care issues (9/93-12/94).

Kevin D. Gunn

During his tenure as chairman of the Missouri Public Service Commission, Kevin Gunn was concerned with keeping the lights on for the residents and businesses of his state.

As an experienced leader and energy practice attorney, he knows that clients' needsd are as evolving as the industry itself. Armed with significant experience in dealing with regulatory commissions at the state and federal level, Kevin brings a unique perspective to clients' legal and policy matters.

Kevin was a leader in the regulatory community serving on the Board of Directors for the National Association of Regulatory Commissioners (NARUC), as well as serving on several NARUC Committees. He is also a former chief of staff to a U.S. Congressman.


Franz Litz

Franz Litz brings 20 years’ experience on energy and environmental law and policy matters in the government, business and non-profit sectors to his consulting work. Before launching Litz Energy Strategies, LLC, Franz was Executive Director of the Pace Energy & Climate Center, a legal and policy think tank, and a senior fellow with the climate and energy program at the World Resources Institute, a policy think tank.  His government experience includes a stint as an air and energy attorney, followed by 4 years leading the development of the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) for New York. Before entering government service, Franz practiced corporate environmental and energy law in Boston.  Franz is an expert on state and federal energy and environmental law and policy, including the federal Clean Air Act.  

Franz currently advises the Great Plains Institute in connection with its work with the Midwestern Power Sector Collaborative, an effort by utilities, cooperatives, merchant generators, environmental groups and state officials to develop a Midwestern approach to reducing carbon dioxide emissions from power plants.  He also convenes a similar group of industry and environmental stakeholders and state officials from the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic States in collaboration with Resources for the Future and the Pace Energy and Climate Center.

John D. Quackenbush

John D. Quackenbush was appointed by Governor Rick Snyder to serve as Chairman of the Michigan Public Service Commission on September 15, 2011. His term ends July 2, 2017.

Prior to his appointment, Chairman Quackenbush worked for UBS Global Asset Management for 10 years, most recently as managing director and senior investment analyst responsible for equity research for the transportation, utilities and coal industries in the U.S. and Canada. He previously worked as manager of the Sprint Corporation Treasury department and Sprint Corporation Local Telecom Division. Before that, he served in several senior financial analyst roles with the Illinois Commerce Commission.

Chairman Quackenbush was named a Top Gun U.S. Industrials Investment Mind in 2011 by Brendan Wood International. He earned certification as a Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) in 1993 and is a member of the CFA Institute and CFA Society of Chicago. He previously served as a board member of the Society of Utility and Regulatory Financial Analysts. He earned a bachelor's degree in business economics from Calvin College and a master of business administration degree with a concentration in finanace from Michigan State University.

Chairman Quackenbush is a member of the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners and serves on several committees including the Committee on Gas, the Committee on Consumer Affairs, and the Subcommittee on Pipeline Safety. Chairman Quackenbush is also a member of the Advisory Council for the Gas Technology Institute.

Doug Scott

Doug Scott was appointed by Governor Pat Quinn as chairman of the Illinois Commerce Commission (ICC) on March 3, 2011 and named to a second term on March 14, 2014. If confirmed by the state senate his term will expire January 21, 2019.

Scott is currently a member of the Energy, Resources and Environment Committee for the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) and of the Task Force on Environmental Regulation.

Prior to his appointment Scott served as director of the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency from 2005 to 2011. During those years he chaired the Illinois Governor’s Climate Change and Advisory Committee and was a member of the Midwestern Governors’ Association panel charged with developing a regional cap-and-trade system. He was a member of the Air Committee for Environmental Council of States (ECOS) and the USEPA Environmental Financial Advisory Board. He is on a number of boards and committees, including serving as chair of The Climate Registry Board of Directors and co-chair of the Keystone Foundation Energy Board.

He was elected and served as mayor of Rockford, Illinois from 2001 to 2005. As mayor he held leadership positions in the Illinois Municipal League, United States Conference of Mayors and the national League of Cities. He also served as president of the Illinois Chapter of the National Brownfield Association.

Scott was elected a state representative from the 67th district in 1995 and served in the General Assembly until 2001 when he became mayor. Scott also served the city as city attorney.
A native of Rockford Scott received his undergraduate degree with honors from the University of Tulsa in 1982 and a juris doctorate with honors from Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI in 1985.
Scott is married to Tammy Scott.

Matt Stanberry

Matt Stanberry oversees AEE's analytic team that is responsible for developing information about the advanced energy industry, its companies, technologies, and related policies and regulations. Before joining AEE in 2011 as one of the organization's first employees, Matt was a management consultant for the energy industry at Navigant, where he led strategy and implementation projects.

Typical assignment included market assessments, economic impact reports, project procurements, project financing analyses, and technology cost and performance studies. His clients included developers, utilities, investment banks, manufacturers, trade associations, state energy offices, nongovernmental organizations.

Prior to his time at Navigant, Matt worked for ICF International on environmental and public health issues related to the large industrial segments including the energy industry.

He holds a BA from Duke University and a Masters in Public Health from Johns Hopkins University.



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