Case Detail

Case Summary

Ireland: Celtic Tiger

Case Number: 5-305-511, Year Published: 2005

HBS Number: KEL141

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Authors: Donald Haider

Key Concepts

Economic Development


This case is about Ireland’s economic development over the past 100-plus years and how the government turned this small island’s economy around. Ireland’s population had dropped from 8 million in the late nineteenth century to 3 million by 1990. It was considered the poorest EU country, known for its extreme poverty, high unemployment, and bleak economic future. Through increased linkage to Europe, Ireland became a global trading economy. Their overall success stems from a low tax rate, well educated population, and a skilled and flexible workforce. The case explores all of these aspects of Ireland’s “economic miracle.”

Number of Pages: 8

Extended Case Information

Teaching Areas: Economics, Non Profit

Teaching Note Available: Yes

Geographic: Ireland

Industry: Government

Organization Name: Ireland

Organization Size: Large