Print Overview
Robert Livingston is an Associate Professor of Management and Organizations. He is a diversity researcher whose research examines how physical appearance and nonconsious processes influence stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination. He is also interested in the topic of diversity in leadership. Specifically, he investigates the unique challenges confronting women and minorities in upper management, as well as the conscious and nonconscious processes underlying leader selection. Livingston’s research has been published in numerous top-tiered journals including Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, and Psychological Science. He has received numerous awards for outstanding research and teaching, including the Social Issues Dissertation Award from Division 9 of the American Psychological Association. He is the member of numerous professional organizations and serves on the editorial board of the Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.
Print Vita
PhD, 2001, Psychology, Ohio State University
MA, 1998, Psychology, Ohio State University
MA, 1996, Linguistics, Romance Literature, University of California, Los Angeles
BA, 1993, Spanish, Tulane University

Academic Positions
Assistant Professor, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University, 2007-present
Assistant Professor, University of Wisconsin Madison, 2002-2007
Anna Julia Cooper Postdoctoral Fellowship, University of Wisconsin Madison, 2001-2002

Editorial Positions
Editorial Board, Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 2009-present
Editorial Board, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 2006-present
Consulting Editor, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 2006-2008

Print Research
Research Interests
Intergroup relations, emotion, social cognition, intuitive judgment and decision-making, workplace discrimination, managing cultural and ethnic diversity, nonconscious stereotyping and prejudice, social justice, conflict resolution, trust and cooperation

Hall, Erika V. and Robert Livingston. 2012. The Hubris Penalty: Biased Responses to "Celebration" Displays of Black Football Players. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology.
Halevy, Nir, Eileen Chou, Taya Cohen and Robert Livingston. 2012. Status Conferral in Intergroup Social Dilemmas: Behavioral Antecedents and Consequences of Prestige and Dominance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 102: 351-366.
Livingston, Robert. 2011. What can Tolerance Teach us About Prejudice.
Livingston, Robert and Nicholas Pearce. 2009. The Teddy Bear Effect: Does Babyfaceness Benefit Black CEOs?. Psychological Science. 20(10): 1229-1236.
Livingston, Robert and Brian Drwecki. 2007. Why are some individuals not racially biased? Susceptibility to affective conditioning predicts nonprejudice toward Blacks. Psychological Science. 18(9): 816-823.
Brewer, Marilynn B. and Robert Livingston. 2005. Putting Stereotype content in context: Image Theory and Interethnic Stereotypes. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 31(6): 781-794.
Livingston, Robert. 2005. Etre ou ne pas etre politiquement correct? La relation entre prejuge et expression d'impressions stereotypees en fonction du self-monitoring. Cahiers Internationaux de Psychologie Sociale. 67-68: 55-64.
Livingston, Robert. 2004. Prejudice on the stage: Self-monitoring and the public expression of group attitude. British Journal of Social Psychology. 43(2): 299-314.
Livingston, Robert. 2002. The Role of Perceived Negativity in the moderation of African Americans' implicit and explicit racial attitudes. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 38(4): 405-413.
Livingston, Robert and Marilynn B. Brewer. 2002. What are we really priming? Cue-based versus category-based processing of facial stimuli. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 11(6): 5-18.
Livingston, Robert. 2001. What You See is What You Get: Systematic Variability in Perceptual-Based Social Judgment. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 27(9): 1086-1096.
Livingston, Robert and Nicholas Pearce. 2009. The Teddy-Bear Effect: Does Having a Baby Face Benefit Black Chief Executive Officers?. Psychological Science. 20: 1229-36.
Hall, Erika and Robert Livingston. 2012. The hubris penalty: Biased responses to "Celebration" displays of black football players. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 48: 899-904.
Book Chapters
Ashburn-Nardo, Leslie, Robert Livingston and Joshua Waytz. 2011. "Implicit Bias: A Better Metric for Racial Progress?." In The Obamas and a (Post) Racial America, edited by G.S. Parks Jr. and M. Hughley, 30-44. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Livingston, Robert, Geoffrey J. Leonardelli and Roderick M. Kramer. 2011. "Rigor with Relevance: The Many Legacies of Marilynn Brewer." In Social Identity, Intergroup Relations and Social Cognition: A festschrift in honor of Marilynn Brewer, edited by In R.M. Kramer, G.J. Leonardelli, & R.W. Livingston, 1-6. New York: Taylor and Francis.
Livingston, Robert. 2011. "What Can Tolerance Teach Us about Prejudice?." In Moving Beyond Prejudice Reduction: Pathways to Positive Intergroup Relations, edited by L. Tropp and R. Mallett, 21-40. Washington D.C.: American Psychological Association.
Livingston, Robert. 2004. "Demystifying the nonconscious: Unintentional Bias in Society and the Media." In Diversity in Advertising, edited by J. Williams, W. Lee and C. Haugtvedt, 59-73. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Kramer, Roderick M., Geoffrey J. Leonardelli and Robert Livingston. 2011. Social Identity, Intergroup Relations and Social Cognition: A festschrift in honor of Marilynn Brewer. New York: Taylor and Francis.

Print Teaching
Teaching Interests
Leadership in organizations, negotiations, managing workforce diversity, research methods in organization behavior