Journal's top research prize a Kellogg tradition
of the Kellogg School's top-tier finance faculty is the large
number of honors they have earned, including prestigious editorships
and awards for their work.
the most coveted distinctions is the Smith Breeden Prize,
given each year to the authors of the top three papers published
in the Journal of Finance. Since the award's inception
15 years ago, Kellogg School authors have earned eight of
Fishman, the Norman Strunk Distinguished Professor of
Financial Institutions and chair of the Finance Department,
an award winner himself says: "I'm proud that the research
of my colleagues is among the best in the profession. Numerous
awards have gone to my colleagues over the years --- one indication
of the leadership role of Kellogg in finance research."
prize-winning authors have taken a novel approach in their
research: creating a model for dynamic analysis of a problem
instead of focusing on static examinations, for example, or
bringing a new perspective to a field many have studied.
are the Kellogg School professors who have won the Smith Breeden
Prize, along with brief abstracts of their award- winning
Bidding and the Role of the Medium of Exchange in Acquisitions,"
In acquisitions, bidding firms sometimes offer cash to the
shareholders of the target firm. Other times they offer securities
in the combined firm. For both bidding and target firms, the
stock market responds more favorably to cash offers. Fishman's
paper examines the factors that influence this choice.
Issues and Stock Price Dynamics," by Deborah
Lucas, the Donald C. Clark/Household International Distinguished
Professor of Finance, and Robert
L. McDonald, the Erwin Plein Nemmers Distinguished Professor
avoid issuing stock to raise capital because issuing causes
a well-documented drop in share price. A leading explanation
is the so-called lemons problem --- managers have an incentive
to issue stock when their firm is most overvalued. Lucas'
and McDonald's paper expands on the importance of the lemons
problem in explaining issuance patterns and the dynamics of
stock price behavior around the time of equity issues.
Structure and the Informational Role of Debt," by Artur
Raviv, the Alan E. Peterson Distinguished Professor of
Finance, and Milton Harris
Harris provide a theory of capital structure based on the
effect of debt on investors' information about the firm and
their ability to oversee management. They write that debt
serves as a disciplining device because default allows creditors
the option to force the firm into liquidation. Raviv and Harris
conclude that stockholders will design capital structure over
time to exploit the ability of debt to generate useful information.
Benefits of Lender Relationships: Evidence from Small Business
Data," by Mitchell
Petersen, the Glen Vasel Associate Professor of Finance,
and Raghuram Rajan
and Rajan examine how small firms secure enough capital to
finance their expansions. He finds that firms who build a
relationship with a bank have greater access to capital, but
they do not borrow at lower rates.
on the Characteristics of the Cross Sectional Variation in
Stock Returns," by Kent Daniel, the John L.
and Helen Kellogg Distinguished Professor of Finance, and
and low market-to-book stocks earn high returns, given their
apparent riskiness. Daniel and Titman critique an important
paper by Fama and French that argues these stocks' average
returns can't be explained by standard models of risk because
those models measure risk incorrectly. In their paper, Daniel
and Titman propose a new test with ability to discriminate
between the characteristics model and the Fama and French
Asset Fire-Sales Exist? An Empirical Investigation of Commercial
Aircraft Transactions," by Todd Pulvino, associate
professor of finance
Theory" of capital structure says that firms choose the optimal
debt-equity mix by trading off tax and other benefits of debt
with expected costs of financial distress. One problem with
testing the theory, however, is that costs of financial distress
are extremely difficult to measure. Pulvino finds a clean
and relatively homogenous way to measure: having to sell assets
Psychology and Security Under- and Overreaction,"
by Profs. Kent Daniel, David Hirshleifer
and Avanidhar Subrahmanyam
and his co-authors show that a common human trait, overconfidence
in one's ability to interpret information, could be responsible
for security return predictability, including both the overreaction
at long horizons and apparent under-reaction to information
at short horizons.
Arbitrage in Equity Markets," by Todd Pulvino,
associate professor of finance, Mark Mitchell and Erik Stafford
the central tenets in finance is the "Law of One Price," which
states that assets that produce identical cashflows in all
states of the world must have the same prices. Pulvino and
co-authors examine one situation in which the law is clearly
violated --- negative stub value trades.
to "The hidden jewel"