The social construction of injustice: Fairness judgements in response to own and others' unfair treatment by authorities, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes
The research literature in organizational justice has examined in some detail the dynamics and consequences of justice judgments based on direct experiences with fair and unfair authorities, but little is known about how people form justice judgments on the basis of reports of injustice by others or how group discussion changes justice judgments. The present study examined the consequences of distributed injustice, in which all members of a group experience some denial of voice, and concentrated injustice, in which one member experiences repeated denial of voice and others do not. It was predicted and found that mild personal experiences of injustice are a more potent source of group impressions of injustice than are reports of more severe injustice experienced by others. In both conditions, group ratings of unfairness were more extreme than were the mean of individual ratings either before or after discussion.
E.Allan Lind, Laura J. Kray, Leigh Thompson
Lind, E.Allan, Laura J. Kray, and Leigh Thompson. 1998. The social construction of injustice: Fairness judgements in response to own and others' unfair treatment by authorities. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. 75(1): 1-22.