Information Cues and Attributions based on role behavior, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
A recent experiment by Messick and Reeder (Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 1972, 18, 482-491) attempted to extend Jones, Davis, and Gergen's (Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1961, 63, 302-310) classic finding that out-of-role behavior.is more informative for person perception than in-role behavior. It is argued, however, that this study confounded two variables, role performance and occupation. Evidence is presented that the occupation variable alone could have produced Messick and Reeder's results. Both variables seem to affect attributions. The importance of these findings for relating attribution theory and role theory is discussed.
Calder, Bobby. 1974. Information Cues and Attributions based on role behavior. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 10(2): 121-125.