Research Papers and Publications

  • "An Empirical Study of a Hospital-Based Home Nursing Care Program," Inquiry (Spring, 1985)

  • "Do State Rate Setting Programs Really Lower Hospital Expenses?" (with K. Cone) Journal of Health Economics (June, 1985)
  • "DRGs, Efficiency, and Access" Institute for Social and Policy Studies, Yale University, Health Economics Working Paper Series #1. (1986)

  • "Why Did States Enact Hospital Rate Settings Laws?" (with K. Cone) Journal of Law and Economics (October, 1986)

  • "The Effect of Injecting Price Competition into the Hospital Market: The Case of Preferred Provider Organizations," (with M. Satterthwaite and J. Sindelar) Inquiry (Winter, 1986)

  • "Rate Setting by Diagnosis Related Groups and Hospital Specialization," Rand Journal of Economics (Autumn, 1987)

  • "Agency and the Organization of Health Care Delivery," (with W. White) Inquiry (Winter, 1987)

  • "Demand Inducement and the Physician/Patient Relationship," Economic Inquiry (April, 1988)

  • "Pricing by Non-Profit Institutions: The Case of Hospital Cost Shifting," Journal of Health Economics (Spring, 1988)

  • "What Impact Did the Programs Have on the Costs of Care for Ventilator Assisted Children," in Pediatric Home Care: Results of a National Evaluation of Programs for Ventilator Assisted Children, Pluribus Press (1988)

  • "Medicaid Drug Formulary Restrictions," Journal of Law and Economics (April 1989)

  • "An Analysis of Admission Patterns in Local Hospital Markets" Product Differentiation in Local Hospital Markets" Fishman-Davison Center for the Study of the Service Sector, University of Pennsylvania, Discussion Paper #46.

  • "A Note on Relational Aspects of Hospital Market Definitions," (with M. Shanley) Journal of Health Economics (February 1990)

  • "Information Spillovers, Incumbency, and New Ventures (with T. Tan) International Journal of Industrial Organization (Winter 1990)

  • "The Implications of Resource-Based Relative Value Scales for Physicians' Fees, Incomes, and Specialty Choice" (with M. Satterthwaite), in Regulating Doctor's Fees: Costs, Competition, and Controls under Medicare, H. E. Frech, ed. American Enterprise Institute, 1991

  • "How Fast are Hospital Prices Really Rising?" (with W. White and M. Shanley) Medical Care (August, 1991)

  • "Is Hospital Competition Wasteful?" (with M. Shanley and C. Simon) Rand Journal of Economics (Summer 1992)

  • "Monopolistic Competition When Price and Quality are not Perfectly Observable" (with M. Satterthwaite) Rand Journal of Economics (Winter 1992)

  • "Segmentation in Local Hospital Markets" (with Will White and Lawrence Wu) Medical Care (January 1993)

  • "Price and Concentration in Hospital Markets: The Switch from Patient-driven to Payor-driven competition" (with Mark Shanley and W. White) Journal of Law and Economics (April 1993)

  • "Physician-Induced Demand for Childbirths" (with Paul Wehner) Journal of Health Economics (Winter 1994)

  • "Recent Theory and Evidence on Hospital Competition" (with Will White) Journal of Economics and Management Strategy (Spring 1994)

  • "The Economic Side Effects of Dangerous Drug Announcements" (with Chris Olsen) Journal of Law and Economics (Fall 1994)

  • "Do Important Drugs Reach the Market Sooner? (with David Meltzer) RAND Journal of Economics) (Autumn, 1994)

  • "A Problem with Consumer Surplus Measures of the Cost of Physician Practice Variations" Journal of Health Economics (Autumn 1994)

  • "Cost Reduction versus Reputation Enhancement as Motives for Mergers: The Logic of Multihospital Systems" (with Mark Shanley) Strategic Management Journal (1995)

  • "The Vertical Chain of Research and Development in the Pharmaceutical Industry" (with Michael Ward) Economic Inquiry (January 1995)

  • "Are Multihospital Systems More Efficient?" The Performance of Multihospital Systems in California" (with A. Durkac and M. Shanley) Health Affairs (Spring, 1996)

  • "Specialization, Option Demand and the Pricing of Medical Services (with Will White) Journal of Economics and Management Strategy (Summer 1996)

  • "The Impact of Managed Care on the Physician Marketplace" (with Will White and Carol Simon) Public Health Reports (May/June 1997)

  • "Emerging Issues in the Antitrust Definition of Health Care Markets" (with Will White) Health Economics Letters (November 1997)

  • "Economies of Scale in Non-revenue Producing Cost Centers: Implications for Hospital Mergers" Journal of Health Economics (Winter 1998)

  • "Is There Underinvestment in Prevention Research?" Journal of Health Economics (Winter 1998)

  • "Antitrust and the Changing Structure of Health Care Markets" (with Will White) Health Economics Analysis Letters (November 1997)

  • "The Effect of Managed Care on the Income of Primary Care and Specialty Physicians: A State Level Analysis"(with Carol Simon and Will White) Health Services Research (September 1998)

  • "Medicaid-dependent Hospitals and Their Patients: How Have They Fared?" (with Will White) Health Services Research (April 1998)

  • "Do Strategic Groups Exist? An Economic Framework for Analysis" (with Margaret Peteraf and Mark Shanley) Strategic Management Journal (Fall 1998)

  • "Determinants of Managed Care Penetration" (with Carol Simon and Will White) Journal of Health Economics (December 1999)

  • "Competition and Pricing by Nonprofit Hospitals" (with Richard Ludwick) Journal of Health Economics (February 1999)

  • "'Competition' Among Employers Offering Health Insurance" (with Kathy Spier and Loren Baker) Journal of Health Economics (January 2000)

  • "The Cost of Efforts to Improve Quality" (with Stephen Shortell and others) Medical Care (2000)

  • "Assessing the Impact of Total Quality Management and Organizational Culture on Multiple Outcomes of Care for Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery Patients" (with Stephen Shortell and others) Medical Care (2000)

  • "Network Effects, Standardization, and the Internet: What Have We Learned from the DVD vs. DIVX Battle?" (with Neil Gandal) in The Commodification of Information, published by Kluwer Law International (2000)

  • "Exploiting a Cost Advantage and Coping with a Cost Disadvantage" (with David Besanko and Mark Shanley) Management Science (2001)

  • "Determinants of HMO Formulary Adoption Decisions" (with Ed Hughes and Mark Shanley) forthcoming in Health Services Research

  • "Is Managed Care Leading to Consolidation in Healthcare Markets" (with Carol Simon and William White) Forthcoming in Health Services Research