Sources: United States
sites for consumers are merely extractions of materials from
Institutes of Health, U. S. National Library of Medicine.
the home page, there are cross-references to Health Information,
Library Services, Research Programs, New & Noteworthy,
and General Information.
Information control page contains links to Medline plus
Health Information, references & abstracts, clinical research
studies, directory of health organizations, and information
by specific subjects.
Library of Medicine has a locator
plus home page for books, journals, and audiovisuals in
common Internet site for consumers is the National Library
of Medicine's Medline
plus Health Information.
of services offered by the National Institutes of Health,
U. S. National Library of Medicine include Health Topics,
Drug Information, Dictionaries, Directories, Other Resources,
and Featured Site.
Topics within Medline plus contains links to healthcare
issues by broad categories. In addition links to frequently
requested topics include AIDS, back pain, breast cancer, diabetes,
fibromyalgia, foot/ankle injuries & disorders, knee injuries
& disorders, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's diseases,
shingles, skin diseases, and thyroid diseases. The capability
to browse the medical encyclopedia is also provided at this
Care Financing Administration (HCFA) is the federal agency
that administers Medicare, Medicaid, and the State Children's
Health Insurance Program (SCHIP). HCFA's home page also links
various federal initiatives including Outpatient Prospective
Payment System, Fraud and Abuse, State Health Reform, Statistics
& Data, Information Clearing House, Research & Demonstrations,
Laws & Regulations, Freedom of Information Act, and Privacy
Tommy Thompson, Secretary of Health and Human Services, and
the Honorable Thomas Scully, Administrator of Health Care
Financing Administration (HCFA) announced on June 14,
2001, a proposed name change. HCFA will become The
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) and will
consist of three centers.
Center for Medicare Management (CMM) will focus on
managing of the traditional fee-for-service Medicare program.
This will include development of payment policy and management
of the Medicare fee-for-service contractors.
Center for Beneficiary Choices (CBC) will focus on
the Medicare+Choice program and providing beneficiaries
with information on Medicare, Medicare Select, Medicare+Choice
and Medigap options. It also includes management of the
Medicare+Choice plans, consumer research and demonstrations,
and grievance and appeals functions.
Center for Medicaid and State Operations (CMSO) will
focus on programs administered by States. This includes
Medicaid, the State Children's Health Insurance Program
(SCHIP), insurance regulation functions, survey and certification,
and the Clinical Laboratory Improvements Act (CLIA).
reference for HCFA's Medicare program is the Medicare
Consumer Information control page. A click on the Overview
of the Medicare Program provides descriptive text materials
on Medicare eligibility, enrollment, and program information.
conversion (CF) factors for physician payment fee schedule
under the Medicare program is also on the HCFA site.
materials contain numerous links for more information on related
topics. The contents of this Web site are available in English,
Spanish, and Chinese.
Consumer Information Web site directs consumers to seven
major areas. Medicare Coordination of Benefits (COB) is designed
to inform customers about Medicare as the Secondary Payer
(MSP) and about their role in the COB program. The Intermediary-Carrier
Directory lists names, addresses, and contact information
for Medicare Part A Intermediaries and Part B carriers. The
Medicare Health Plan Compare contains the Medicare Health
Plan Comparison Database. Other key areas linked by this Web site are Medicare Publications, Medicare Deductible, Coinsurance
& Premium Amounts, Program Integrity, and State Specific
reference for the HCFA's Medicaid program is the Medicaid
Consumer Information Web site with links to an overview
of the Medicaid program, Medicaid Fraud & Abuse Information,
Medicaid Policies, Welfare Reform & Medicaid, Medicaid
& HIV Disease, Medicaid Statistics, Medicaid Long-Term
Care Information, Sharing Information in Quality, Medicaid
Policy & Program Information, and State & Federal
Statistics and Data can be accessed directly, but this
site may be temporarily unavailable when HCFA is revising
of the Medicaid program along with links to Medicaid Eligibility
Information and Medicaid Services Information are presented
on this Web site.
control page for HCFA's Medicaid Program with direct links
to eleven major sites is also available.
cross-references include Medicaid Drug Information, Medicaid
Long-Term Care Information, Medicaid Data Sources, Medicaid
Statistical Information System (MSIS), Medicaid Statistics
System for PCs, Medicaid Statistics Publications, and Medicaid
Contacts. A revised
format of this control page for HCFA's Medicaid Statistics
and Data is also available.
National Summary Statistics are available in tabular format.
Statistics Publications are listed as well.
data sources for Medicaid statistical data are the HCFA-2082
and the HCFA-64 reports. There are some differences in the
contents of these Medicaid data sources for the same state.
The major differences in these Medicaid data sources are summarized
in the control
Web site that cross references HCFA-2082 report and HCFA-64
Data and Statistics provides access to National Health
Care Indicators and Expenditures, Medicare Enrollment, Public
Use Files (PUFs), Medicare Utilization and Expenditure Tables
(such as MEDPAR), Clinical Practice Expense Program (CPEP),
and Other Statistical and Data Links.
links the report on the development of Resource-Based Malpractice
RVUs for physician billing and the 1999 Resource-Based Practice
Expense Data Files for physician billing.
Health Care Indicators and Expenditures encompasses four types
of tables: state health care expenditures for 1980-1998, health
care indicators of recent trends in healthcare spending, employment
and prices, national health care expenditures for 1960-1998,
and national health care expenditures projections. The state
healthcare expenditures are partitioned by all payers, Medicare,
and Medicaid with specific information on personal health
care, hospital care, physician services, dental services,
drugs and other medical durables, nursing home care, and enrollee
or population data. The control page for CMS
Data and Statistics links all of these choices.
Enrollment Trends are presented in three tables. The first
enrollment trend shows unduplicated count of persons enrolled
in either or both the Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplementary
Medical Insurance (SMI) programs. The second table shows those
enrolled in HI regardless if they are enrolled in SMI. The
third table shows those enrolled in SMI regardless if they
are enrolled in HI.
implemented the Prospective Payment System (PPS) in 1983-1987.
Information on Medicare beneficiaries using hospital inpatient
services under PPS is called Medicare
Provider Analysis and Review (MEDPAR).
access to many files related to Medicare, Medicaid, and Social
Security programs. HCFA Case-Mix Index File, Hospital Wage
Index File, Reclassified Hospital By Provider File, ICD-9-CM
Version 18.0 File, Prospective Payment System (PPS) Payment
Impact File, PPS Standardizing File, Provider of Services
Listing, Cost Reports - PPS Exempt Units files and Cost Limits
data sets are among the Public Use Files (PUFs) provided by
HCFA. These and other PUFs can be accessed on the web at the
Use Files page.
U. S. Department of Labor monitors health plans offered
by employers that are covered by ERISA (Employee Retirement
Income Security Act of 1974). There are many bureaus and offices
with the Department of Labor (DOL), including Pension and
Welfare Benefits Administration, Employment Standards Administration,
and President's Advisory Commission on Consumer Protection
and Quality in the Health Care Industry. The Pension Benefit
Guaranty Corporation is an independent federal corporation
that is related to the Department of Labor.
of Labor Statistics (BLS) is an agency within the U. S.
Department of Labor. The Home Page contains many options:
data, survey & programs, news releases, contact information,
economy at a glance, publications & research papers, occupational
outlook handbook, mission management & jobs, keyword search
of BLS web pages, regional information, and Freedom of Information
Price Indexes are prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
The Home Page for the Consumer
Price Indexes (CPI) contains many options: an overview,
frequently asked questions, contacts, revisions, new releases,
data, reports, CPI fact sheets, and cross reference to BLS
BLS, the Home Page for Bureau
of Labor Statistics Data contains links to the most requested
series, selective access, new releases, series report, and
the economy at a glance.
Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) is focused on providing
evidence-based information on health care outcomes; quality;
and cost, use & access. Information from AHRQ's research
helps people make more informed decisions and improve the
quality of healthcare services. AHRQ was formerly known as
the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research.
has links to research findings in many areas of evidence-based
information on healthcare outcomes. These include evidence-based
practice, outcomes & effectiveness, technology assessment,
preventive services, clinical practice guidelines, health
conditions/diseases, health plans, quality of care, and prevention
& wellness. AHRQ also supports Medical Expenditure Panel
Survey (MEPS), Healthcare Cost & Utilization Project (HCUP),
Interactive Tool for Hospital Statistics (HCUPnet), HIV &
AIDS Costs & Use, and Healthcare Informatics.
S. Census Bureau in the U. S. Department of Commerce has
a master Web site with six major segments: general information,
advertising & promotion, partnerships, media news, plans
& operations, and external outreach. The Census Bureau
provides estimates of income and poverty for the nation's
states and 3,141 counties.
of Inspector General (OIG) in the U. S. Department of
Health & Human Services releases periodic findings from
their investigations. The Web site lists the current year
reports, but the reports for the prior two years are also
available by links. The OIG's current year reports are listed
on their Web site.
States Code can be accessed on the Internet. Government
Printing Office (GPO) Access to the United States Code is
explained by two references on the control page of the Web site. Click on "Additional Instructions" and "Helpful Hints
For Searching the United States Code" for guidance in using