The Retraction Penalty: Evidence from the Web of Science
Scientific articles are retracted at increasing rates, with the highest rates among top journals. Here we show that a single retraction triggers citation losses through an author’s prior body of work. Compared to closely-matched control papers, citations fall by an average of 6.9% per year for each prior publication. These chain reactions are sustained on authors’ papers (a) published up to a decade earlier and (b) connected within the authors’ own citation network by up to 4 degrees of separation from the retracted publication. Importantly, however, citation losses among prior work disappear when authors self-report the error. Our analyses and results span the range of scientific disciplines.
Lu, Susan, Ginger Jin, Brian Uzzi and Benjamin F Jones. 2013. The Retraction Penalty: Evidence from the Web of Science. Nature Scientific Reports. 3(3146): DOI: 10.1038/srep03146.